How Do I Prevent Anaphylaxis?

How Do I Prevent Anaphylaxis?

Avoiding allergy triggers

Avoiding any of the allergens that trigger your symptoms best prevents anaphylaxis.

Avoiding allergy triggers


Avoiding any of the allergens that trigger your symptoms best prevents anaphylaxis.

Avoiding food triggers

If you have food allergies, the only way to prevent a reaction is to strictly avoid the allergy-causing food.

Grocery shopping

Always check food labels for ingredients. Manufacturers often change their product ingredients, so read the ingredient label every time you purchase a food, even a familiar food


Be very careful about finding out what the ingredients are and how your food is prepared. You can ask the server about the ingredients used in a meal before you order it. You can also speak to the restaurant manager about the menu, so that the kitchen staff will be informed about your food allergy

Avoiding environmental triggers

When you are spending time outside, keep this information in mind.

Insect bites and stings

The first line of defense is to avoid occasions where you may be exposed to insects that could cause an allergic reaction. Keep in mind that insects may build their nests in the ground, in trees or shrubs, or under the leaves of houses or barns.

  • Avoid walking barefoot in the grass
  • Limit mowing the lawn or gardening
  • Avoid drinking from open soft drink cans, where stinging insects can crawl inside
  • Keep food covered when eating outdoors
  • Avoid perfumes, hairsprays and deodorants that have a sweet fragrance
  • Avoid wearing bright colors with flowery patterns

Avoiding latex triggers

Latex can be in more products than you might realize.


Here is a general list of some of the most common latex products you should try to avoid if you have an allergy to latex.

  • Latex gloves
  • Balloons
  • Adhesive bandages
  • Therapy/resistance bands
  • Pacifiers and baby bottle nipples
  • Rubber bands, elastics, and orthodontic elastics
  • Blood pressure cuffs
  • Dishwashing gloves
  • Erasers
  • Spandex
  • Latex mattresses
  • Barrier contraceptive devices

Avoiding medication triggers

Anyone can get an allergic drug reaction to any drug.


If you do have a drug allergy, here are some tips:

  • Make sure all your healthcare providers know the specific drug you took and the drug reactions you had
  • Check with your healthcare providers about related drugs that you must avoid
  • Check with your healthcare providers about the drugs you can take, if needed
  • Wear an emergency medical alert bracelet or necklace with the name of the drug engraved

Avoiding travel-related triggers

When you are traveling by plane, remember these tips.

Commercial airline

Read the airline’s allergy policy, which can be found posted on their website. Try to choose an airline that does not serve snacks such as peanuts, tree nuts, or anything you are allergic to. Keep in mind that it is likely no airline will be able to guarantee you a peanut-free or tree nut-free flight.

  • Notify the airline of your food allergy when you book your flight
  • Keep your epinephrine auto-injector in its original packaging
  • It is a good idea to have a prescription for your epinephrine auto-injector, along with a letter from your doctor stating your food allergy and indicating you need to carry your medication and your food and drink items with you
  • It is also a good idea to avoid eating airline food. Check with the airline to see about packing your own food
  • Consider getting a “medical alert” identification for yourself or family member in case you are not there when a reaction occurs

Important Safety Information

What is the most important information I should know about epinephrine injection, USP auto-injector?

  1. Epinephrine injection, USP auto-injector contains epinephrine, a medicine used to treat allergic emergencies (anaphylaxis). Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening, can happen within minutes, and can be caused by stinging and biting insects, allergy injections, foods, medicines, exercise or other unknown causes. Symptoms of an anaphylaxis may include:
    • trouble breathing
    • wheezing
    • hoarseness (changes in the way your voice sounds)
    • hives (raised reddened rash that may itch)
    • severe itching
    • swelling of your face, lips, mouth, or tongue
    • skin rash, redness, or swelling
    • fast heartbeat
    • weak pulse
    • feeling very anxious
    • confusion
    • stomach pain
    • losing control of urine or bowel movements (incontinence)
    • diarrhea or stomach cramps
    • dizziness, fainting, or “passing out” (unconsciousness).
  2. Always carry your epinephrine injection, USP auto-injector with you because you may not know when anaphylaxis may happen. Talk to your healthcare provider if you need additional units to keep at work, school, or other locations. Tell your family members, caregivers, and others where you keep your epinephrine injection, USP auto-injector and how to use it before you need it. You may be unable to speak in an allergic emergency.
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